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노벨물리학상 심사위원 초청특강 개최​
조회수 : 14253 등록일 : 2005-03-29 작성자 : kaist_news


우리학교는 노벨물리학상 심사위원장을 지낸 나노분야의 석학 맷 존슨 교수를 초청, 알프레드 노벨, 노벨상과 선정절차(On Alfred Nobel, his Prize and the Selection Process)를 주제로 특강을 개최한다.

29일(화) 오후 4시 30분부터 1시간동안, 교내 창의학습관 1층 터만홀에서 개최될 이번 강의에서 맷 존슨 교수는 노벨이 다이나마이트를 발명했던 1866년부터 현재에 이르기까지 노벨상의 전 과정을 소개한 후, 오늘날 노벨상 수상자 선정과정이 어떤 방식으로 이루어지는가를 노벨물리학상 기준으로 설명하게 된다.

1947년 스웨덴의 할름스타드(Halmstad)에서 태어난 맷 존슨(Mats Jonson) 교수는 고텐부르그(Gothenburg)의 찰머스 공대(Chalmers University of Technology)를 다녔으며, 1978년에 이론물리학 박사학위를 받았다. 1993년부터 2004년까지 모교 교수로 지내다 올해부터 고텐부르그 대학의 교수로 재직중이다.

1996년부터 현재까지 스웨덴 한림원 정회원이며 노벨물리학상 심사위원을 맡고있다. 2001년부터 2003년까지 3년간 노벨물리학상 심사위원장을 역임한 바 있다. 

다음은 강연 요약본과 맷 존슨 교수 약력

The Nobel Prize in Physics
- On Alfred Nobel, his Prize and the Selection Process


Mats Jonson  /
Department of Physics, Gothenburg University, Sweden /
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

 

Alfred Nobel invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries all over the world. On November 27, 1895, he signed his last will and testament in Paris. Among its four closely-written pages, less than one referred to the donation which was destined to link his name with the supreme achievements of the modern world in science and literature, and the causes for peace. Nobels decision to donate most of his enormous fortune to prizes for outstanding achievements in these areas was at first not very popular, neither among parts of his family nor the Swedish establishment or the institutions who ? without having been consulted ? he had chosen to select the recipients of the Nobel Prizes. The story of how Nobels intentions as expressed in his will was forged into workable statutes for the Nobel Foundations and the Prize awarding institutions ? the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (physics, chemistry), The Karolinska Institute (medicin or physiology), The Swedish Academy (literature), and the Norwegian Parliament (peace) reads like a thriller. In this lecture I will try to relate parts of this story as well as - with an emphasis on the Prize for Physics - give an overview over how Nobel Laureates are chosen today.

 

Professor Mats Jonson

  • Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics at Chalmers University of Technology (Gothenburg, Sweden,78)
  • Postdoctoral work at Indiana University (Bloomington, IN, USA, 1978-80)
  • Professor at Chalmers University of Technology at Gothenburg, Sweden (1993-2004)
  • Professor at Gothenburg University, Sweden (2005-present)
  • Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences since 1996
  • Member of the Nobel Committee for Physics (1996-present)

 

Professor Mats Jonson was born in 1947 in Halmstad, Sweden. He graduated from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, with a degree in Engineering Physics in 1971 and received his Ph. D. in theoretical physics from the same university in 1978 for research on correlation effects in inhomogeneous electron systems. After two years of postdoctoral research mainly on electronic transport properties of strongly random metal alloys at Indiana University he started his academic career in Gothenburg. He was appointed docent in theoretical physics at Gothenburg University in 1984 and professor of condensed matter physics, first at Chalmers University of Technology in 1993 and then at Gothenburg University in 2005. In the course of his research he has worked on quantum transport in low-dimensional semiconductor structures, Coulomb blockade phenomena in single-electron tunnelling structures, mesoscopic superconductivity and most recently on nanoelectromechanical systems. He was chairman of the joint Department of Applied Physics at Chalmers/Gothenburg University from 1992 to 1997 and Dean of the School of Physics and Engineering Physics from 2000 to 2003. In 1996 he became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and joined the Nobel Committee for Physics as an adjunct member the same year. He has been a full member of the Nobel Committee for Physics since 1996 and served as its chairman between 2001 and 2003.


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